Umananda Temple: History, Timing, Best Time to Visit

Umananda Temple, located on Peacock Island, is a hidden gem in the vast expanse of the Brahmaputra River. This small island, adorned with natural beauty, is home to the serene and sacred Umananda Temple.

As you step foot on Peacock Island and make your way toward the temple, a sense of tranquility and devotion envelops you. The temple is a symbol of spiritual enlightenment and a testament to the rich cultural heritage of Assam. Join us as we delve into the fascinating history, legends, rituals, and architectural wonders of Umananda Temple.

History of Umananda Temple

The history of Umananda Temple dates back to the 17th century when it was built by the Ahom king, Gadadhar Singha. The temple holds a significant place in Assam’s history and showcases the architectural prowess of that era. Over the centuries, the temple has witnessed the influence of different dynasties and rulers, leaving behind a legacy that continues to captivate visitors. Each stone and pillar of Umananda Temple whispers tales of devotion, devotion, and cultural evolution.

Timing of Umananda Temple

DayOpening TimeClosing Time
Monday5:30 AM6:00 PM
Tuesday5:30 AM6:00 PM
Wednesday5:30 AM6:00 PM
Thursday5:30 AM6:00 PM
Friday5:30 AM6:00 PM
Saturday5:30 AM6:00 PM
Sunday5:30 AM6:00 PM

Significance of Umananda Temple

Umananda Temple holds great religious importance, particularly for followers of Lord Shiva. According to Hindu mythology, the temple is associated with Lord Shiva’s union with Goddess Parvati, also known as Umananda. Devotees believe that visiting Umananda Temple can fulfill their wishes, bring prosperity, and bestow blessings upon them. It is a place where devotees seek solace, find spiritual awakening, and strengthen their bond with the divine.

Architecture and Design

The architectural brilliance of Umananda Temple leaves visitors spellbound. The temple showcases a unique blend of Assamese and Mughal architectural styles. The intricate carvings, domes, and sculptures adorning the temple are a testament to the skilled craftsmanship of artisans of the bygone era. As you explore the temple complex, you’ll be mesmerized by the symphony of art and spirituality that resonates through its design.

Legends and Myths Associated with Umananda Temple

Umananda Temple is steeped in captivating legends and myths that add to its mystique. One popular legend tells the story of Lord Shiva’s visit to Peacock Island in the guise of Bhairava, where he met Goddess Parvati, and they united in eternal love. This divine union gave birth to Umananda, the embodiment of their divine grace. Another intriguing legend revolves around Kamadeva, the god of love, who was reduced to ashes by Lord Shiva’s anger but was revived at Umananda Temple. These legends enthrall devotees and visitors, infusing the temple with a sense of wonder and devotion.

Festivals Celebrated at Umananda Temple

Umananda Temple comes alive during festivals, where devotees gather in large numbers to celebrate and seek blessings. Shivaratri, the night of Lord Shiva, is one of the grandest festivals observed at the temple. Devotees immerse themselves in prayers, fasting, and night-long vigils, creating an atmosphere charged with devotion.

Another significant festival is the Ambubachi Mela, where the temple becomes a hub of spiritual energy and cultural fervor. During this festival, devotees from far and wide congregate at Umananda Temple to pay homage to the divine feminine energy. The air is filled with chants, hymns, and the aroma of incense, creating an ambiance of devotion and celebration.

Umananda Temple
Umananda Temple

How to Reach Umananda Temple

Reaching Umananda Temple is an adventure in itself. The temple is situated on Peacock Island, which can be reached by a scenic boat ride across the mighty Brahmaputra River. From Guwahati, the nearest city and transportation hub, you can take a ferry or a motorboat to reach the island. The journey offers panoramic views of the river and its surrounding landscapes, adding to the allure of the temple visit.

Nearby Attractions

Apart from the spiritual experience at Umananda Temple, Peacock Island, and its vicinity offer a plethora of attractions for visitors. Nature enthusiasts can explore the rich biodiversity of the island, with its lush greenery and diverse flora and fauna. The island also serves as a sanctuary for various bird species, making it a haven for birdwatchers. Additionally, nearby attractions such as Kamakhya Temple, Assam State Museum, and Guwahati Planetarium provide opportunities for cultural and historical exploration.

Best Time to Visit Umananda Temple

The best time to visit Umananda Temple is during the months of October to March when the weather is pleasant and conducive to outdoor activities. The cool breeze from the river complements the spiritual ambiance of the temple, making it an ideal time for devotees and tourists alike. However, it’s important to note that Umananda Temple can be visited throughout the year, and each season brings its own charm and unique experiences.

Spiritual Practices and Rituals at Umananda Temple

At Umananda Temple, devotees engage in various spiritual practices and rituals to connect with the divine. The temple resonates with the enchanting chants of mantras, the rhythmic sounds of bells, and the fragrance of incense. Participating in the aarti (devotional ceremony) is a deeply immersive experience, where devotees offer prayers, light lamps, and express their devotion to Lord Shiva. The priests guide visitors through the rituals, creating a sacred atmosphere of devotion and introspection.

Preservation and Conservation Efforts

Preserving the heritage and natural surroundings of Umananda Temple is of utmost importance. Several initiatives have been taken to maintain the temple’s structural integrity and protect the fragile ecosystem of Peacock Island. Conservation efforts include regular maintenance, restoration of the temple complex, and promotion of eco-friendly practices among visitors. These initiatives aim to ensure that future generations can continue to experience the serenity and beauty of Umananda Temple.

Impact on the Local Community

Umananda Temple has a significant impact on the local community, both culturally and economically. The temple attracts pilgrims and tourists from different parts of the country and abroad, contributing to the local economy through tourism-related activities. Additionally, the temple plays a vital role in preserving and promoting the rich cultural heritage of Assam. It serves as a hub for cultural events, festivals, and spiritual discourse, fostering a sense of community and unity among the locals.

Umananda Temple in Popular Culture

Umananda Temple’s charm extends beyond its spiritual significance. It has found its place in literature, art, and popular culture. Writers, poets, and artists have been inspired by the temple’s ethereal beauty and its legends, weaving them into their works. Umananda Temple has also been featured in regional films, showcasing its splendor and cultural importance to a wider audience. Its presence in popular culture continues to enhance its legacy and allure.

Interesting Facts about Umananda Temple

As you explore Umananda Temple, you’ll come across some fascinating facts that add to its allure:

  1. Peacock Island: Umananda Temple is located on Peacock Island, which is the smallest inhabited river island in the Brahmaputra River. The island gets its name from the presence of a large number of peacocks in the area.
  2. Beacon of Love: Umananda Temple is often considered a symbol of love and devotion. It is believed that couples who visit the temple and offer prayers together will have a strong and everlasting bond.
  3. Natural Beauty: Besides its religious significance, Umananda Temple offers breathtaking views of the surrounding natural beauty. The lush greenery, the flowing river, and the gentle breeze create a serene and picturesque atmosphere.
  4. Boat Rides: To reach Umananda Temple, visitors must take a boat ride across the Brahmaputra River. The journey itself is an exciting experience, offering panoramic views and a sense of adventure.
  5. Monkeys of Peacock Island: Peacock Island is also home to a large population of monkeys. These playful creatures add to the charm of the island but require visitors to be cautious with their belongings.
  6. Assamese Cuisine: A visit to Umananda Temple provides an opportunity to savor authentic Assamese cuisine. Local delicacies such as masor tenga (sour fish curry), xaak aru bhaji (leafy greens), and pitha (rice cakes) can be enjoyed in nearby eateries.
  7. Religious Harmony: Umananda Temple stands as a testament to the religious harmony in Assam. The temple attracts devotees from various faiths, fostering a spirit of inclusivity and unity.
  8. Musical Evenings: The temple complex occasionally hosts cultural events and musical evenings, where visitors can enjoy traditional Assamese music and dance performances.
  9. Evening Aarti: Witnessing the evening aarti at Umananda Temple is a mesmerizing experience. As the lamps are lit, the temple resonates with the chants and hymns, creating an atmosphere of spirituality and devotion.
  10. Meditation Retreat: Umananda Temple’s serene surroundings make it an ideal place for meditation and self-reflection. Many visitors seek solace and inner peace amidst the tranquil ambiance of the temple.

As you prepare to bid farewell to Umananda Temple, the memories and experiences you’ve gathered will remain etched in your heart. The divinity, history, legends, and cultural significance of this sacred place make it a must-visit destination for spiritual seekers and travelers alike.


Umananda Temple, situated on the mystical Peacock Island, offers a unique blend of spirituality, history, and natural beauty. Its rich history, fascinating legends, and breathtaking architecture make it a significant pilgrimage site for devotees of Lord Shiva. The temple’s impact on the local community, preservation efforts, and its presence in popular culture further amplify its prominence.

Visiting Umananda Temple allows you to immerse yourself in a world of tranquility, devotion, and self-discovery. The enchanting chants, the fragrance of incense, and the captivating surroundings transport you to a realm of divine grace. It is a place where legends come to life and where spiritual seekers find solace and enlightenment.

So, plan your journey to Umananda Temple, experience the mystical charm of Peacock Island, and let the sacredness of this divine abode touch your soul.

FAQs about Umananda Temple

Is Umananda Temple accessible throughout the year?

Yes, Umananda Temple is open to visitors throughout the year. However, it is advisable to check for any temporary closures or restrictions before planning your visit.

Can I take photographs inside the temple?

Photography is allowed inside the temple, but it is important to respect the sanctity of the place and the privacy of other devotees. Avoid using flash and be mindful of the surroundings while capturing the beauty of the temple.

Are there any accommodation options near Umananda Temple?

While there are no accommodation facilities on Peacock Island itself, Guwahati, the nearest city, offers a range of hotels, guesthouses, and resorts to suit different budgets. It is recommended to book your accommodation in advance, especially during peak tourist seasons.

Can I hire a guide to learn more about the temple’s history and legends?

Yes, there are knowledgeable guides available at Umananda Temple who can provide detailed insights into its history, legends, and significance. Hiring a guide can enhance your understanding and appreciation of the temple.

Is there an entry fee to visit Umananda Temple?

Yes, there is a nominal entry fee to visit Umananda Temple. The fee helps in the maintenance and preservation of the temple complex and its surroundings.

Are there any restrictions or dress codes for visiting the temple?

While there are no specific dress codes, it is advisable to dress modestly and respectfully when visiting Umananda Temple. Avoid wearing revealing or inappropriate clothing as a mark of respect for the sacredness of the place.

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