Bhubaneswar Temple: History, Best Time To Visit


Bhubaneswar, the capital of the eastern Indian state of Odisha, is a city renowned for its rich cultural heritage and ancient temples. Known as the “Temple City of India,” Bhubaneswar boasts a splendid collection of architectural marvels that have stood the test of time. This article aims to delve into the fascinating world of Bhubaneswar temples, exploring their historical significance, architectural brilliance, and spiritual essence.

The Origin of Bhubaneswar Temples

Bhubaneswar’s temple heritage dates back to ancient times when the city served as an important center for Hindu pilgrimage. The foundations of these magnificent structures were laid centuries ago by rulers who aimed to express their devotion and leave a lasting legacy. The temples of Bhubaneswar are a testament to the deep-rooted spirituality and artistic excellence of the region.

The Architectural Splendor of Bhubaneswar

The architectural style of Bhubaneswar temples is predominantly influenced by the Kalinga School of Architecture. The temples showcase intricate carvings, majestic spires, and elaborate sculptures, reflecting the mastery of ancient Odishan craftsmen. The temples are known for their towering shikhara (spires) and captivating mandapas (pavilions), which create an awe-inspiring sight for visitors.

Jagannath Temple

One of the most famous temples in Bhubaneswar is the Jagannath Temple, dedicated to Lord Jagannath, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu. This sacred shrine attracts devotees from all corners of the globe who come to seek blessings and witness the grandeur of the annual Rath Yatra festival. The temple’s sanctity and divine aura make it an essential pilgrimage destination for Hindus.

Lingaraj Temple

The Lingaraj Temple, dedicated to Lord Shiva, is a masterpiece of ancient architecture. With its 180-foot-high spire and intricately carved sculptures, the temple stands as a symbol of devotion and architectural brilliance. The Lingaraj Temple complex houses numerous smaller shrines, each with its own significance, making it a spiritual haven for devotees.

Mukteshwar Temple

The Mukteshwar Temple is renowned for its exceptional sculptural work and exquisite carvings. Dedicated to Lord Shiva, this temple showcases remarkable architectural finesse, capturing the essence of Odishan artistry. The temple’s captivating beauty and spiritual ambiance create a serene atmosphere that lingers in the hearts of visitors.

Rajarani Temple

The Rajarani Temple, known for its intricately carved erotic sculptures, is a distinctive gem among Bhubaneswar’s temples. This temple stands apart from others due to its absence of any presiding deity. The artistry displayed in the sensuous carvings on the temple walls reveals the skill and creativity of the craftsmen of ancient times.

Parasurameswara Temple

The Parasurameswara Temple, dedicated to Lord Shiva, is one of the oldest surviving temples in Bhubaneswar. This temple showcases elaborate carvings depicting scenes from Hindu mythology, offering a glimpse into the vibrant cultural tapestry of Odisha. The sheer artistry and attention to detail make it a must-visit destination for history enthusiasts.

Ananta Vasudeva Temple

The Ananta Vasudeva Temple, dedicated to Lord Krishna, stands as an oasis of tranquility amidst the bustling city. With its serene surroundings and peaceful ambiance, the temple provides solace to devotees seeking spiritual refuge. The temple’s architectural grandeur and the divine presence of Lord Krishna make it a place of immense significance.

Brahmeswar Temple

The Brahmeswar Temple is a shining example of the finesse and precision of Odishan temple architecture. Dedicated to Lord Shiva, this temple showcases remarkable carvings and intricate artwork that mesmerize visitors. The rhythmic patterns, delicate sculptures, and overall symmetry of the temple make it a masterpiece worth beholding.

Kedar Gouri Temple

The Kedar Gouri Temple, dedicated to Lord Shiva and Goddess Gouri, celebrates the divine union of the cosmic forces. This temple’s architectural brilliance lies in its unique blend of Kalinga and Dravidian styles. The tranquil surroundings and the spiritual aura of the temple provide a serene atmosphere for devotees to offer their prayers.

Rameshwar Temple

The Rameshwar Temple, dedicated to Lord Shiva, stands out for its exceptional carvings that depict musical scenes and celestial beings. The intricate details on the temple walls capture the essence of Odishan art and leave visitors awe-inspired. The Rameshwar Temple is a testament to the creative prowess of the craftsmen of ancient times.

Vaital Deul Temple

The Vaital Deul Temple, dedicated to Goddess Chamunda, is a unique architectural marvel in Bhubaneswar. This temple showcases a blend of both Hindu and Buddhist architectural elements, reflecting the syncretic cultural influences of the region. The temple’s mystical charm and historical significance make it a captivating destination for explorers.

How to Reach

To reach Bhubaneswar, the city of temples, you have several transportation options available. Here’s a guide on how to reach Bhubaneswar temple:

  1. By Air: The easiest and most convenient way to reach Bhubaneswar is by air. The city has its own international airport, Biju Patnaik International Airport, which is well-connected to major cities in India and also has international flights. Once you reach the airport, you can hire a taxi or take a pre-paid cab to reach the temples in Bhubaneswar.
  2. By Train: Bhubaneswar is a major railway junction in Odisha and is well-connected to various cities across the country. There are regular trains from major cities like Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai, and Bangalore to Bhubaneswar. Upon arriving at the Bhubaneswar Railway Station, you can hire a taxi or take an auto-rickshaw to reach the temples.
  3. By Road: Bhubaneswar is well-connected to neighboring cities and states via a network of well-maintained roads. You can reach Bhubaneswar by bus or private car. There are regular bus services from cities like Kolkata, Puri, Cuttack, and Visakhapatnam to Bhubaneswar. If you prefer driving, you can take the national highways that connect to Bhubaneswar.

Once you have reached Bhubaneswar, you can explore the various temples within the city. The temples are spread across different parts of Bhubaneswar, so it is advisable to hire a taxi or an auto-rickshaw for convenient transportation between the temples. Most of the temples are easily accessible and well-known, making it easier for visitors to navigate and explore the religious and architectural marvels of Bhubaneswar.

Best time to visit

The best time to visit the Bhubaneswar temples is during the winter months, from October to February. The weather during this period is pleasant, with cooler temperatures and lower humidity levels, making it comfortable for temple exploration and outdoor activities.

During winter, Bhubaneswar experiences mild and enjoyable temperatures, with daytime temperatures ranging from 20°C to 30°C (68°F to 86°F) and cooler nights. This makes it ideal for visiting the temples without feeling too hot or uncomfortable. It allows you to explore the temple complexes at a leisurely pace and fully appreciate their architectural beauty and spiritual significance.

Additionally, winter is also the festive season in Bhubaneswar, with several important festivals celebrated during this time. The most notable festival is the famous Rath Yatra, held at the Jagannath Temple in Puri, which is about an hour’s drive from Bhubaneswar. The Rath Yatra attracts a large number of devotees and tourists from all over the world, adding to the vibrant atmosphere and cultural richness of the region.

It’s worth noting that Bhubaneswar can be visited throughout the year. However, summers (March to May) can be hot and humid, with temperatures soaring above 40°C (104°F), which may make temple visits less comfortable. Monsoon season (June to September) brings heavy rainfall, which can hinder outdoor activities and temple exploration.

In conclusion, the best time to visit Bhubaneswar temples is during the winter months (October to February) when the weather is pleasant, and you can fully enjoy the architectural splendor and spiritual ambiance of these magnificent temples.

Bhubaneswar Temple
Bhubaneswar Temple


Sure! Here’s a table showing the general timing of some popular temples in Bhubaneswar:

Temple NameOpening TimeClosing Time
Lingaraj Temple5:00 AM9:00 PM
Mukteshwar Temple6:00 AM7:00 PM
Rajarani Temple6:00 AM6:00 PM
Parasurameswara Temple6:00 AM9:00 PM
Ananta Vasudeva Temple6:00 AM9:00 PM
Brahmeswar Temple6:00 AM6:00 PM
Kedar Gouri Temple6:00 AM8:00 PM
Rameshwar Temple6:00 AM6:00 PM
Vaital Deul Temple6:00 AM6:00 PM
Maa Bhabani Temple6:00 AM9:00 PM

Please note that these timings are subject to change and may vary during specific festivals or religious occasions. It is recommended to check the temple timings before planning your visit to ensure accuracy and avoid any inconvenience.

Neared place

Bhubaneswar, being the Temple City of India, is surrounded by several other significant places that are in close proximity to the city. Here are some of the nearest places to Bhubaneswar where you can explore temples and other attractions:

  1. Puri: Located approximately 60 kilometers from Bhubaneswar, Puri is a popular pilgrimage destination famous for the Jagannath Temple. The temple is a significant Hindu pilgrimage site and attracts a large number of devotees and tourists. Apart from the temple, Puri is also known for its beautiful beaches and vibrant beach culture.
  2. Konark: Situated around 65 kilometers from Bhubaneswar, Konark is renowned for the Sun Temple, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Sun Temple is a stunning example of ancient Odishan architecture and is dedicated to the Sun God. The intricate carvings and the unique chariot-like structure of the temple are awe-inspiring.
  3. Dhauli: Located just 8 kilometers from Bhubaneswar, Dhauli is a significant historical and religious site. It is known for the Dhauli Shanti Stupa, a peace pagoda built in the 1970s. The site holds great historical importance as it marks the place where the famous Kalinga War took place and where Emperor Ashoka embraced Buddhism.
  4. Nandan Kanan Zoological Park: Situated around 15 kilometers from Bhubaneswar, Nandan Kanan Zoological Park is a must-visit destination, especially for wildlife enthusiasts. It is not only a zoo but also a sanctuary and botanical garden. The park is home to various species of animals, including the white tiger, and provides a serene natural environment.
  5. Chilika Lake: Located approximately 90 kilometers from Bhubaneswar, Chilika Lake is the largest coastal lagoon in India and a designated Ramsar site. It is a paradise for birdwatchers and nature lovers, as it hosts a wide variety of migratory birds during the winter season. Boat rides on the lake offer a mesmerizing experience.

These are just a few examples of the nearby places to Bhubaneswar where you can explore temples, historical sites, and natural beauty. Each place has its own unique charm and significance, providing a diverse range of experiences for visitors.

Stay option

Bhubaneswar offers a range of accommodation options for visitors who want to stay near the temples and explore the city’s religious and cultural heritage. Here are some popular stay options in Bhubaneswar:

  1. Hotels: Bhubaneswar has numerous hotels ranging from budget to luxury options. You can find hotels near the temples as well as in other parts of the city. These hotels provide comfortable rooms, and essential amenities, and often have in-house restaurants offering a variety of cuisines. Some well-known hotels in Bhubaneswar include Trident Bhubaneswar, Mayfair Lagoon, and Hotel Hindusthan International.
  2. Guesthouses and Lodges: There are also guesthouses and lodges available in Bhubaneswar that provide affordable accommodation options. These establishments are often run by local families and offer a more homely atmosphere. They can be a good choice for budget-conscious travelers looking for a comfortable stay near the temples.
  3. Resorts: If you prefer a more luxurious and relaxing stay, there are resorts in and around Bhubaneswar that offer a serene and tranquil environment. These resorts often have spacious rooms, beautiful gardens, swimming pools, spa facilities, and on-site restaurants. They are perfect for those seeking a blend of comfort and natural surroundings.
  4. Homestays: For a more immersive experience, you can opt for homestays in Bhubaneswar. These accommodations allow you to stay with local families, providing an opportunity to learn about the local culture and traditions. Homestays offer a personalized experience and are ideal for travelers who prefer closer interaction with the local community.

It is advisable to book your accommodation in advance, especially during peak travel seasons or festivals, to ensure availability and secure the best rates. Many hotels and accommodation options can be booked online through various travel websites or directly through the property’s websites.


Bhubaneswar, the Temple City of India, encapsulates the spiritual essence and architectural brilliance of ancient Odisha. The temples stand tall as testaments to the region’s rich cultural heritage, inviting visitors to embark on a spiritual journey filled with awe and devotion. With their intricate carvings, majestic spires, and divine aura, the Bhubaneswar temples continue to captivate the hearts and minds of people, leaving an indelible mark on their souls.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

  1. Are photography and videography allowed inside the temples?
    • Photography and videography permissions may vary from temple to temple. It is advisable to check with the authorities or temple management before capturing any images or videos.
  2. What is the best time to visit Bhubaneswar temples?
    • Bhubaneswar can be visited throughout the year. However, the winter months from October to February offer pleasant weather, making it an ideal time to explore the temples.
  3. Are there any dress code requirements for temple visits?
    • It is recommended to dress modestly and respectfully while visiting the temples. Wearing conservative attire that covers the shoulders and knees is appreciated.
  4. Are there any specific rituals or customs to follow inside the temples?
    • Each temple may have its own set of rituals and customs. It is advisable to observe and respect the guidelines provided by the temple authorities and follow the instructions of the priests.
  5. Are there any accommodations available near the temples?
    • Bhubaneswar offers a range of accommodations, including hotels, guesthouses, and lodges, catering to various budgets. There are several options available near the temples for a convenient stay.
    • Eme temple
Sharing Is Caring:

Leave a Comment